Food wastage in SA, and why it harms the planet and what YOU can do to help
We all know wasting food is bad, but did you know it can also be a cause of climate change?.
“But government can’t manage this alone,” says Brindha Roberts, Head of Sustainability at Averda. “Every South African citizen should take personal responsibility for the responsible disposal of their waste and for preventing the spread of Covid-19, supported by existing government structures.”
This is in line with requests that some municipalities have made to their local communities that bins be sanitised, both when they are put out for collection, and when they are brought in again. The rationale behind this is simply that waste collectors touch thousands of bins in a day’s collection, meaning that they are at greater risk of contracting Covid-19 from the multiple touch points that they encounter, and that if they have the virus, they can pass it on too many households.
To disinfect your bin, you can use a regular hand sanitiser – 70% alcohol is recommended for Covid-19 – or you can use a household bleach solution. The US Centre for Disease Control (CDC) recommends [GG1] that bleach should be used at a concentration of at least 5% to 6%, with a contact time of at least one minute, and allowing proper ventilation during and after application.
During this time one of the biggest concerns in the waste sector globally has been the removal of potentially infected waste. Roberts says, “Systems and infrastructure for dealing with high-risk medical waste were already in place for Averda, having dealt with previous outbreaks of highly contagious viruses such as listeriosis in recent years”. Averda successfully picked up and destroyed the infected products during this outbreak using our own incineration infrastructure.
Roberts added however that there are concerns that some of this health waste is not being dealt with correctly as many South Africans are self-isolating at home or may not even be sure they have the virus and waste items like tissues are disposed of in their regular rubbish bins.
“These waste streams are not only isolated to the medical field in hospitals or clinics but also to persons who may be recovering at home,” says Roberts. “If you have the slightest suspicion that you may have the virus or feeling under the weather, it is advisable to double bag your waste and take extra care to sanitise your bins when you are disposing of it.”
This will be in line with tight protocols for ensuring that infected items do not come into contact with waste workers or the public before being incinerated.
Countries across the world have reported that lockdown has seen a rise in illegal dumping of waste, as people use this enforced time indoors to undertake clear-outs. Dumping is a major problem in South Africa generally but with the lockdown this has become prevalent with garden refuse and DIY waste – as people at home have become very industrious about home maintenance during this time. Most municipalities will not collect garden refuse, rubble or other DIY byproducts, so residents have had to find their own solution.
The public is also urged to avoid illegal dumping of materials, now during the Covid-19 crisis more than ever, as improper disposal of waste encourages disease and attracts vermin, as well as obscuring roads and walkways, which could hamper access by emergency personnel. And let us not forget this comes with a hefty fine if caught.
“There are solutions to these should you want to utilise this time to do a ‘spring clean” added Amit Ramkisson the Contact Centre Manager at Averda, “we have a great public offering called ‘blubin[CG2] ’ (www.blubin.co.za) where the public can go online and book for us to collect all waste streams, from general waste, recyclables or even builders rubble.”
“Covid-19 and lockdown have resulted in changes to just about every aspect of life – and waste management is no different,” says Ramkisson. “Whatever challenges you may face, solutions exist, and because waste management companies have been classified as essential service providers, they are available to support you, whatever lockdown level the country – or province – may be at.”